Several people connect the term information technology (IT) with the people you call when you need help with a computer issue. the IT expression is basically synonymous, linked, and related to those people who solve technical problems. While that view of information technology isn’t thoroughly off-base, it downplays the extent of this critical career field.
What is information technology and what does it encompass?
The most essential information technology definition is that it’s the use of technology to deal with, take care of, and solve business or organizational problems on a wide scale. Regardless of the job, a member of an IT department works with others to solve technology problems, both big and small.
There are three essential pillars of responsibility for an IT department:
- IT governance: This refers to the combination of policies and procedures that guarantee IT systems are successfully and effectively run and in alignment with the organization’s needs.
- IT operations: This is a catchall category for the daily work of an IT department. This includes providing tech support, network maintenance, security testing, and device management duties.
- Hardware and infrastructure: This focus area refers to all the physical components of IT infrastructure. This pillar of IT includes the setup and maintenance of equipment like routers, servers, phone systems, and individual devices like laptops.
- Despite the fact that an association’s IT office handles a wide range of capacities, plays a critical role, and assumes a basic job in keeping things running. The Head of an IT says that the ideal IT department is the one you aren’t even aware of and mindful of. This means that they are able to automate and create processes for many of their daily tasks so that the business keeps on running easily. The perfect IT department is likewise lined up with the business’ objectives and straightforward in its procedures in a way that the rest of the business can understand and provide input on.
Why is information technology important?
Simply put, the work of most organizations would ease back to a crawl without functioning IT systems. You’d be unable to find a business that doesn’t in any event halfway depend on computers and the networks that associate and connect them. Keeping up a standard level of service, security, and connectivity is a huge task, however, it’s by all account, not the only need or potential test on their plates.
Data overload: Businesses need to process enormous amounts of data. This requires large amounts of processing power, sophisticated software, and human analytical skills.
Mobile and wireless usages: More employers are offering remote work options that require smartphones, tablets, and laptops with wireless hotspots and roaming ability.
Cloud services: Most businesses no longer operate their own “server farms” to store huge measures of data. Numerous businesses currently work with cloud services—third-party hosting platforms that maintain that data.
Bandwidth for video hosting: Video conferencing solutions have become increasingly well known, so more network bandwidth is expected to help them adequately.
In light of the volume of these necessities, you most likely won’t be too astonished to learn that employment of computer and information technology occupations is projected to grow 13 percent from 2016 to 2026, which is quicker than the normal for all occupations, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Hardware vs. software
You realize that working with hardware and software is an enormous part of an IT department’s work, but what counts as hardware? And what’s software? Let’s break down this important distinction.
Hardware includes all the physical parts of a computer system. This includes hardware installed inside the computer like the motherboard, central processing unit, and hard drive. Hardware also describes components that can be connected to the outside of a computer like a keyboard, mouse, and printer. Keep in mind though that some tablets and smaller laptops integrate items like a keyboard and a mouse within the device. Basically, the hardware is any part, component, or device-related to computers and their networks that you can physically touch and manipulate.
Unlike hardware, the software is not something you can physically change. The software encompasses all the data, applications, and programs stored electronically, like an operating system or a video-editing tool.
So how does this distinction apply to an IT career? Nearly every IT job requires a mix of hardware and software-based know-how. Some IT workers may invest more energy working with configuring hardware components, but those components are also governed by software. Furthermore, IT experts are liable and responsible for deploying and setting up software applications for users.
IT career opportunities
Since you know the general duties and responsibilities of an IT department, you may be wondering what the individual roles within are. Here are some of the positions that you’ll find in many IT departments:
- Computer support specialists work on the front lines troubleshooting any technical issues including software issues, computer crashes, and hardware trouble. These professionals may also assist senior-level IT members with wider-scale network issues.
- Network systems administrators focus on the big picture of the network system, security, and performance.
- Computer systems analysts work behind the scenes to marry IT with smart business solutions. They usually specialize in a particular industry while working for a technology firm or work directly in an industry, like finance or government.
- Information security analysts are responsible for the security of an organization’s computer networks, conducting tests, and developing company-wide best security practices.
Keep in mind that some of these roles will change contingent upon the size and extent of the organization. In smaller companies, most of your daily work may revolve around relatively mundane things like troubleshooting printers, on the other hand, you may be required to be more of a greater extent a handyman with more extensive information and broader knowledge. With large firms, IT employees have a progressively different cluster of potential focus areas—some may work upward into management and strategic planning roles, while others may pursue specialized areas like cybersecurity.
What characteristics are employers looking for in IT candidates?
Applicants who are best suited for IT work are those who have strong communication skills. From helping executives develop sophisticated technological solutions to troubleshooting a network issue, those in information technology need to have a level of empathy that permits them to see precisely what a customer or co-worker is dealing with and calmly help them achieve their goal or solve a problem.
This may mean separating an enormous issue or an ultimate objective into different advances with the goal that the partner can see precisely what it will take to achieve it. Setting aside efforts to characterize, define, and explain what’s needed can help an IT department better manage and deal with stakeholders’ expectations and maximize the department’s hours in the most ideal manner conceivable. Many businesses want to use technology as a means to an end, and a competent IT department can assist them to get there.
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